My run in with Unauthorised Litecoin mining on AWS
Update: You can read an update to this story here
Normally I’m a big advocate of open sourcing projects both current (and old) on GitHub. Today though, I wish that I wasn’t.
On Sunday night I received an email from Amazon saying that they’d detected my Amazon key on one of my repositories. This was a little bit of a surprise, because I’m usually so diligent about not saving credentials into repositories.
After a brief search I found the key buried in an old project that I’d just decided didn’t need to be private.
That wasn’t the end of the matter, I was in for a rude shock when I logged into my Amazon account to check for unauthorised usage. $3000+ in pending charges. Woah!
It didn’t take long to find the source of the billing. Twenty cc2.8xlarge instances humming along in the us-east region for the last two days.
By this stage I’d already revoked the key (as suggested in the email). So I quickly shut the instances down, while I would have liked to preserve them for forensics, I just couldn’t afford to leave them running while waiting for Amazon support (I do not pay for support, since this is just my private account that I dabble with).
After taking stock for a few moments, I detached one of the volumes and attached it to another instance. Having a poke around confirmed what I had already guessed. The unauthorised user had been mining litecoin with the mining pool pool-x.eu.
I’ve emailed pool-x.eu asking them to suspend the account, but I’ve yet to receive a reply.
What have I learned from this experience?
Enable billing alerts
Given I spend about $60-80 a month with Amazon usually, I could have been warned MUCH earlier. Now that the horse has bolted I’ve enabled the horse bolting detector.
It’s not really that hard to do a regular search of GitHub for keys and passwords in your repositories. Check your friends repositories as well…many eyes.
Audit code before open sourcing
Always a good rule, but be especially careful flicking the switch on repositories that you’ve had as private for a long time.
Update: @joneaves suggested either using something like checkstyle (java) and/or a pre-commit hook. Good advice.
Use IAM Keys
Quite a few people have pointed out on twitter and hacker news that the other thing you should be doing is using restricted IAM keys.
More tips on Amazon
A friend pointed out that Amazon has a good security blog post that deals with this and other risks to your account.
Discuss it on Hacker News